Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (International Dyslexia Association, IDA)
- a brain based issue that makes it hard to learn to read accurately and fluently.
- a lifelong condition. Kids don't outgrow dyslexia, but with the right support, key skills can improve.
- a common learning difficulty. Many successful people have it and researchers have been studying it for a long time.
Dyslexia is not...
- a problem of intelligence. Kids with dyslexia are just as smart as their peers.
- a problem of vision. The core issue is understanding how sounds in words are represented by letters.
- a problem with laziness. Kids with dyslexia are already trying hard. They need more help to make progress. (Understood.org)